ACCESSSQL语句导入导出大全

/*******  导出到excel
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ‘bcp SettleDB.dbo.shanghu out c:\temp1.xls -c
-q -S”GNETDATA/GNETDATA” -U”sa” -P””‘

/***********  导入Excel
SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( ‘Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0’,
  ‘Data Source=”c:\test.xls”;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended
properties=Excel 5.0’)…xactions

/*动态文件称
declare @fn varchar(20),@s varchar(1000)
set @fn = ‘c:\test.xls’
set @s =”’Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0”,
”Data Source=”'+@fn+'%22;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended
properties=Excel 5.0”’
set @s = ‘SELECT * FROM OpenDataSource
(‘+@s+’)…sheet1$’…sheet1%24′)
exec(@s)
*/

SELECT cast(cast(科目编号 as numeric(10,2)) as nvarchar(255))+’ ’
转换后的别名
FROM OpenDataSource( ‘Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0’,
  ‘Data Source=”c:\test.xls”;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended
properties=Excel 5.0’)…xactions

/********************** EXCEL导到长途SQL
insert OPENDATASOURCE(
         ‘SQLOLEDB’,
         ‘Data Source=远程ip;User ID=sa;Password=密码’
         ).库名.dbo.表名 (列名1,列名2)
SELECT 列名1,列名2
FROM OpenDataSource( ‘Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0’,
  ‘Data Source=”c:\test.xls”;User ID=Admin;Password=;Extended
properties=Excel 5.0’)…xactions

/** 导入文本文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ‘bcp dbname..tablename in c:\DT.txt -c
-Sservername -Usa -Ppassword’

/** 导出文件文件
EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ‘bcp dbname..tablename out c:\DT.txt -c
-Sservername -Usa -Ppassword’

EXEC master..xp_cmdshell ‘bcp “Select * from dbname..tablename”
queryout c:\DT.txt -c -Sservername -Usa -Ppassword’

导出到TXT文本,用逗号分开
exec master..xp_cmdshell ‘bcp “库名..表名” out “d:\tt.txt” -c -t ,-U
sa -P password’

BULK INSERT 库名..表名
FROM ‘c:\test.txt’
WITH (
    FIELDTERMINATOR = ‘;’,
    ROWTERMINATOR = ‘\n’
)

–/* dBase IV文件
select * from
OPENROWSET(‘MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0’
,’dBase IV;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\’,’select * from
[客户资料4.dbf]’)
–*/

–/* dBase III文件
select * from
OPENROWSET(‘MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0’
,’dBase III;HDR=NO;IMEX=2;DATABASE=C:\’,’select * from
[客户资料3.dbf]’)
–*/

–/* FoxPro 数据库
select * from openrowset(‘MSDASQL’,
‘Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\’,
‘select * from [aa.DBF]’)
–*/

/**************导入DBF文件****************/
select * from openrowset(‘MSDASQL’,
‘Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;
SourceDB=e:\VFP98\data;
SourceType=DBF’,
‘select * from customer where country != “USA” order by country’)
go
/***************** 导出到DBF
***************/
设若要导出数据到曾转结构(即现存的)FOXPRO表中,可以一直用底的SQL语句

insert into openrowset(‘MSDASQL’,
‘Driver=Microsoft Visual FoxPro Driver;SourceType=DBF;SourceDB=c:\’,
‘select * from [aa.DBF]’)
select * from 表

说明:
SourceDB=c:\  指定foxpro表所当的公文夹
aa.DBF        指定foxpro表的文书名.

 

/*************导出到Access********************/
insert into openrowset(‘Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0’,
   ‘x:\A.mdb’;’admin’;”,A表) select * from 数据库名..B表

/*************导入Access********************/
insert into B表 selet * from openrowset(‘Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0’,
   ‘x:\A.mdb’;’admin’;”,A表)

文件称吧参数
declare @fname varchar(20)
set @fname = ‘d:\test.mdb’
exec(‘SELECT a.* FROM opendatasource(”Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0”,
    '''+@fname+''';''admin'';'''', topics) as a ‘)

SELECT *
FROM OpenDataSource( ‘Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0’,
  ‘Data Source=”f:\northwind.mdb”;Jet OLEDB:Database Password=123;User
ID=Admin;Password=;’)…产品

*********************  导入 xml 文件

DECLARE @idoc int
DECLARE @doc varchar(1000)
–sample XML document
SET @doc =’
<root>
  <Customer cid= “C1″ name=”Janine” city=”Issaquah”>
      <Order oid=”O1″ date=”1/20/1996″ amount=”3.5″ />
      <Order oid=”O2″ date=”4/30/1997″ amount=”13.4″>Customer was
very satisfied
      </Order>
   </Customer>
   <Customer cid=”C2″ name=”Ursula” city=”Oelde” >
      <Order oid=”O3″ date=”7/14/1999″ amount=”100″ note=”Wrap it
blue
             white red”>
            <Urgency>Important</Urgency>
            Happy Customer.
      </Order>
      <Order oid=”O4″ date=”1/20/1996″ amount=”10000″/>
   </Customer>
</root>

— Create an internal representation of the XML document.
EXEC sp_xml_preparedocument @idoc OUTPUT, @doc

— Execute a SELECT statement using OPENXML rowset provider.
SELECT *
FROM OPENXML (@idoc, ‘/root/Customer/Order’, 1)
      WITH (oid     char(5),
            amount  float,
            comment ntext ‘text()’)
EXEC sp_xml_removedocument @idoc

 

???????

/**********************Excel导到Txt****************************************/
想用
select * into opendatasource(…) from opendatasource(…)
实现将一个Excel文件内容导入到一个文件文件

假设Excel中发出有限列,第一名列姓名,第二名列特别行帐号(16个)
都银行帐号导出到文本文件后分割点儿片段,前8位和晚8号分别。

邹健:
倘如用而上面的言语插入的话,文本文件要有,而且出一行:姓名,银行账号1,银行账号2
下一场就是好用脚的话语进行插队
瞩目文件称及目录根据你的实际上情况开展修改.

insert into
opendatasource(‘MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0’
,’Text;HDR=Yes;DATABASE=C:\’
)…[aa#txt]
–,aa#txt)
–*/
select 姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
from
opendatasource(‘MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0’
,’Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls’
–,Sheet1$)
)…[Sheet1$]

 

假设你想直接插入并转移文书文件,就要用bcp

declare @sql varchar(8000),@tbname varchar(50)

–首先以excel表内容导入到一个大局临时表
select @tbname='[##temp’+cast(newid() as varchar(40))+’]’
 ,@sql=’select
姓名,银行账号1=left(银行账号,8),银行账号2=right(银行账号,8)
 into '+@tbname+' from
opendatasource(”MICROSOFT.JET.OLEDB.4.0”
,”Excel 5.0;HDR=YES;IMEX=2;DATABASE=c:\a.xls”
)…[Sheet1$]’
exec(@sql)

–然后就此bcp从全局临时表导出至文本文件
set @sql=’bcp “'+@tbname+'” out “c:\aa.txt” /S”(local)” /P”” /c’
exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql

–删除临时表
exec(‘drop table '+@tbname)

/********************传输整个数据库*********************************************/

于是bcp实现之仓储过程

/*
 实现数据导入/导出的储存过程
         根据不同之参数,可以兑现导入/导出整个数据库/单个表
 调用示例:
–导出调用示例
—-导出单个表
exec file2table ‘zj’,”,”,’xzkh_sa..地面资料’,’c:\zj.txt’,1
—-导出总体数据库
exec file2table ‘zj’,”,”,’xzkh_sa’,’C:\docman’,1

–导入调用示例
—-导入单个表
exec file2table ‘zj’,”,”,’xzkh_sa..处资料’,’c:\zj.txt’,0
—-导入整个数据库
exec file2table ‘zj’,”,”,’xzkh_sa’,’C:\docman’,0

*/
if exists(select 1 from sysobjects where name=’File2Table’ and
objectproperty(id,’IsProcedure’)=1)
 drop procedure File2Table
go
create procedure File2Table
@servername varchar(200)  –服务器名
,@username varchar(200)   –用户称,如果用NT验证方式,则为空”
,@password varchar(200)   –密码
,@tbname varchar(500)  
–数据库.dbo.表名,如果无点名:.dbo.表名,则导出数据库的具备用户表
,@filename varchar(1000) 
–导入/导出路径/文件称,如果@tbname参数指明是导出整个数据库,则是参数是文本存放路径,文件称机关用表名.txt
,@isout bit      –1为导出,0为导入
as
declare @sql varchar(8000)

if @tbname like ‘%.%.%’ –如果指定了表名,则直接导出单个表
begin
 set @sql=’bcp '+@tbname
  +case when @isout=1 then ‘ out ‘ else ‘ in ‘ end
  +’ “'+@filename+'” /w’
  +’ /S '+@servername
  +case when isnull(@username,”)=” then ” else ‘ /U '+@username
end
  +’ /P ‘+isnull(@password,”)
 exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
end
else
begin –导出整个数据库,定义游标,取出所有的用户表
 declare @m_tbname varchar(250)
 if right(@filename,1)<>’\’ set @filename=@filename+’\’

 set @m_tbname=’declare #tb cursor for select name from
'+@tbname+'..sysobjects where xtype=”U”’
 exec(@m_tbname)
 open #tb
 fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
 while @@fetch_status=0
 begin
  set @sql=’bcp '+@tbname+'..'+@m_tbname
   +case when @isout=1 then ‘ out ‘ else ‘ in ‘ end
   +’ “'+@filename+@m_tbname+'.txt ” /w’
   +’ /S '+@servername
   +case when isnull(@username,”)=” then ” else ‘ /U '+@username
end
   +’ /P ‘+isnull(@password,”)
  exec master..xp_cmdshell @sql
  fetch next from #tb into @m_tbname
 end
 close #tb
 deallocate #tb
end
go

/************* Oracle **************/
EXEC sp_addlinkedserver ‘OracleSvr’,
   ‘Oracle 7.3’,
   ‘MSDAORA’,
   ‘ORCLDB’
GO

delete from openquery(mailser,’select *  from yulin’)

select *  from openquery(mailser,’select *  from yulin’)

update openquery(mailser,’select * from  yulin where id=15′)set
disorder=555,catago=888

insert into openquery(mailser,’select disorder,catago from 
yulin’)values(333,777)

 

补充:

对用bcp导出,是从未字段名的.

故而openrowset导出,需要事先修建好表.

故openrowset导入,除ACCESS及EXCEL外,均无支持非本机数据导入

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