[20171225]查看并行执行计划注意的问题.txt

[20171225]查看并行执行计划注意的问题.txt

–//如果使用dbms_xplan.display_cursor查看并行执行计划注意有问题,通过例子说明:

1.环境:

SCOTT@book> @ &r/ver1
PORT_STRING                    VERSION        BANNER



x86_64/Linux 2.4.xx            11.2.0.4.0     Oracle Database 11g
Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 – 64bit Production

2.测试:
SCOTT@book> create table t1 as select * from dba_objects ;
Table created.

SCOTT@book> alter session set statistics_level=all;
Session altered.

–//分析表略.

SCOTT@book> select /*+ parallel(t1,4) */ count(*) from t1;

  COUNT(*)

     87016

SCOTT@book> @ &r/dpc ” ”

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT

SQL_ID  6yhkc72j9mnnt, child number 0

select /*+ parallel(t1,4) */ count(*) from t1

Plan hash value: 3110199320

| Id  | Operation              | Name     | Starts | E-Rows | Cost
(%CPU)| E-Time   |    TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib | A-Rows |   A-Time   |

Buffers | Reads  |

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT       |          |      1 |        |    96
(100)|          |        |      |            |      1 |00:00:00.02
|       5 |      1 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE        |          |      1 |      1 |           
|          |        |      |            |      1 |00:00:00.02 |       5
|      1 |
|   2 |   PX COORDINATOR       |          |      1 |        |           
|          |        |      |            |      4 |00:00:00.02 |       5
|      1 |
|   3 |    PX SEND QC (RANDOM) | :TQ10000 |      0 |      1 |           
|          |  Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |      0 |00:00:00.01 |      
0 |      0 |
|   4 |     SORT AGGREGATE     |          |      0 |      1 |           
|          |  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |      0 |00:00:00.01 |       0
|      0 |
|   5 |      PX BLOCK ITERATOR |          |      0 |  87016 |    96  
(0)| 00:00:02 |  Q1,00 | PCWC |            |      0 |00:00:00.01 |      
0 |      0 |
|*  6 |       TABLE ACCESS FULL| T1       |      0 |  87016 |    96  
(0)| 00:00:02 |  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |      0 |00:00:00.01 |      

0 |      0 |

Query Block Name / Object Alias (identified by operation id):

   1 – SEL$1
   6 – SEL$1 / T1@SEL$1

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):

   6 – access(:Z>=:Z AND :Z<=:Z)

–//全表扫描,但是注意看A-Rows实际上根本不对.看到是0行.而E-Rows看到是没错的.

SCOTT@book> select * from
table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(‘6yhkc72j9mnnt’,NULL,’ALLSTATS LAST
PEEKED_BINDS cost partition -projection -outline parallel’));

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT

SQL_ID  6yhkc72j9mnnt, child number 0

select /*+ parallel(t1,4) */ count(*) from t1

Plan hash value: 3110199320

| Id  | Operation              | Name     | Starts | E-Rows | Cost

(%CPU)|    TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib | A-Rows |   A-Time   | Buffers |

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT       |          |      1 |        |    96
(100)|        |      |            |      1 |00:00:00.11 |       5 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE        |          |      1 |      1 |           
|        |      |            |      1 |00:00:00.11 |       5 |
|   2 |   PX COORDINATOR       |          |      1 |        |           
|        |      |            |      4 |00:00:00.11 |       5 |
|   3 |    PX SEND QC (RANDOM) | :TQ10000 |      0 |      1 |           
|  Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |      0 |00:00:00.01 |       0 |
|   4 |     SORT AGGREGATE     |          |      0 |      1 |           
|  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |      0 |00:00:00.01 |       0 |
|   5 |      PX BLOCK ITERATOR |          |      0 |  87016 |    96  
(0)|  Q1,00 | PCWC |            |      0 |00:00:00.01 |       0 |
|*  6 |       TABLE ACCESS FULL| T1       |      0 |  87016 |    96  

(0)|  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |      0 |00:00:00.01 |       0 |

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):

   6 – access(:Z>=:Z AND :Z<=:Z)
–//加入parallel提示也是一样.
–//链接:raajeshwaran.blogspot.com/2017/12/gatherplanstatistics-hint-for-parallel.html
In a parallel execution the last process to execute the cursor is the
Query coordinator (QC), typically this QC will
execute a small number of operations in the execution plan, while the
majority of the operations in the plan was done by
the parallel execution server process. So when we issue the
DBMS_XPLAN.DISPLAY_CURSOR and ask for the last execution we
only get the information about the operations in the plan that the QC
actually executed. In this case the only operation
that QC did was return the final result to our SQL*Plus session, which
is why the line 0 and 1 and 2 have entries in the
A-rows column.

In order to see A-rows values for all the operations in the plan, we
have to use the FORMAT value as ALLSTATS ALL, which
will show you the execution statistics for ALL executions of the
cursor.

SCOTT@book> select * from
table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(‘6yhkc72j9mnnt’,NULL,’ALLSTATS ALL
PEEKED_BINDS cost partition -projection -outline parallel’));

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT

SQL_ID  6yhkc72j9mnnt, child number 0

select /*+ parallel(t1,4) */ count(*) from t1

Plan hash value: 3110199320

| Id  | Operation              | Name     | Starts | E-Rows | Cost
(%CPU)| E-Time   |    TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib | A-Rows |   A-Time   |

Buffers | Reads  |

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT       |          |      2 |        |    96
(100)|          |        |      |            |      2 |00:00:00.13
|      10 |      1 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE        |          |      2 |      1 |           
|          |        |      |            |      2 |00:00:00.13 |      10
|      1 |
|   2 |   PX COORDINATOR       |          |      2 |        |           
|          |        |      |            |      8 |00:00:00.13 |      10
|      1 |
|   3 |    PX SEND QC (RANDOM) | :TQ10000 |      0 |      1 |           
|          |  Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |      0 |00:00:00.01 |      
0 |      0 |
|   4 |     SORT AGGREGATE     |          |      7 |      1 |           
|          |  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |      7 |00:00:00.10 |    2265
|   2179 |
|   5 |      PX BLOCK ITERATOR |          |      8 |  87016 |    96  
(0)| 00:00:02 |  Q1,00 | PCWC |            |    152K|00:00:00.09 |   
2590 |   2486 |
|*  6 |       TABLE ACCESS FULL| T1       |    104 |  87016 |    96  
(0)| 00:00:02 |  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |    174K|00:00:00.04 |   

2590 |   2486 |

Query Block Name / Object Alias (identified by operation id):

   1 – SEL$1
   6 – SEL$1 / T1@SEL$1

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):

   6 – access(:Z>=:Z AND :Z<=:Z)

–//而这里看看的A-Rows实际上往往行后底聚积,并无克影响真实的情况.使用参数all的动静导致的结果.

–//加入提示,生成新的施行计划:
SCOTT@book> select /*+ parallel(t1,4) test */ count(*) from t1;

  COUNT(*)

     87016

SCOTT@book> select * from
table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(NULL,NULL,’ALLSTATS ALL PEEKED_BINDS
cost partition -projection -outline parallel’));

PLAN_TABLE_OUTPUT

SQL_ID  6a3vj021614ft, child number 0

select /*+ parallel(t1,4) test */ count(*) from t1

Plan hash value: 3110199320

| Id  | Operation              | Name     | Starts | E-Rows | Cost
(%CPU)| E-Time   |    TQ  |IN-OUT| PQ Distrib | A-Rows |   A-Time   |

Buffers | Reads  |

|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT       |          |      1 |        |    96
(100)|          |        |      |            |      1 |00:00:00.11
|       5 |      0 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE        |          |      1 |      1 |           
|          |        |      |            |      1 |00:00:00.11 |       5
|      0 |
|   2 |   PX COORDINATOR       |          |      1 |        |           
|          |        |      |            |      4 |00:00:00.11 |       5
|      0 |
|   3 |    PX SEND QC (RANDOM) | :TQ10000 |      0 |      1 |           
|          |  Q1,00 | P->S | QC (RAND)  |      0 |00:00:00.01 |      
0 |      0 |
|   4 |     SORT AGGREGATE     |          |      4 |      1 |           
|          |  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |      4 |00:00:00.06 |    1295
|   1243 |
|   5 |      PX BLOCK ITERATOR |          |      4 |  87016 |    96  
(0)| 00:00:02 |  Q1,00 | PCWC |            |  87016 |00:00:00.05 |   
1295 |   1243 |
|*  6 |       TABLE ACCESS FULL| T1       |     52 |  87016 |    96  
(0)| 00:00:02 |  Q1,00 | PCWP |            |  87016 |00:00:00.02 |   

1295 |   1243 |

Query Block Name / Object Alias (identified by operation id):

   1 – SEL$1
   6 – SEL$1 / T1@SEL$1

Predicate Information (identified by operation id):

   6 – access(:Z>=:Z AND :Z<=:Z)

–//这样看到底实施计划才是较实际的数值.

–//我的dpc.sql脚论如下:
select * from
table(dbms_xplan.display_cursor(NVL(‘&1′,NULL),NULL,’ALL ALLSTATS LAST
PEEKED_BINDS cost partition -projection -outline &2’));
–//我写的脚本也有问题,不过最终之last掩盖前面all参数的设置.^_^.

3.总结:
–//在设置statistics_level=all;或者提示gather_plan_statistics时,看到的并行执行计划如特别注意.

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