依照Struts自定义MVC-2

                                               
                    自定义MVC        
数据库:Oracle
表:User(id,uname,upwd)
自定义Struts框架

仰望对你们有帮带

一、定义Action接口
      

1  import javax.servlet.http.*;
2 
3             public interface Action {
4                 /**
5                  * 执行方法
6                  * @return
7                  */
8                 String execute(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response);
9             }

 

贰 、依照特定效率完成Action接口(那里用User表添加用户)
                
      

 1  import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
 2         import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
 3 
 4         import com.biz.UserBiz;
 5         import com.biz.impl.UserBizImpl;
 6         import com.entity.User;
 7         import com.mystruts.Action;
 8         /**
 9          * 注册Action 完成注册功能  调用业务层  返回页面
10          * @author Administrator
11          *
12          */
13         public class RegAction implements Action {
14 
15             @Override
16             public String execute(HttpServletRequest request,
17                     HttpServletResponse response) {
18                 //获取请求内容
19                 String uname = request.getParameter("uname");
20                 String upwd = request.getParameter("upwd");
21                 //创建User 对象  创建UserBizImpl对象
22                 User user = new User(uname,upwd);
23                 UserBiz userBiz = new UserBizImpl();
24                 if(userBiz.reg(user)){
25                     request.getSession().setAttribute("login", user);
26                     return "success";
27                 }else{
28                     request.getSession().setAttribute("msg", "注册失败!");
29                     return "input";
30                 }
31             }
32 
33         }

 

        
三 、ActionFilter(负责请求的转速,将用户的乞请提交相应的action进行拍卖)
        
       

 1 import java.io.IOException;
 2 
 3         import javax.servlet.Filter;
 4         import javax.servlet.FilterChain;
 5         import javax.servlet.FilterConfig;
 6         import javax.servlet.ServletException;
 7         import javax.servlet.ServletRequest;
 8         import javax.servlet.ServletResponse;
 9         import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
10         import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
11 
12         import com.action.RegAction;
13         /**
14          * ActionFilter  负责请求的转发   将用户的请求交给相应的Action进行处理
15          * @author Administrator
16          *
17          */
18         public class ActionFilter implements Filter {
19 
20             private FilterConfig config;
21             private ActionMappingManager mappingManager;
22             
23             @Override
24             public void destroy() {
25                 // TODO Auto-generated method stub
26 
27             }
28 
29             @Override
30             public void doFilter(ServletRequest arg0, ServletResponse arg1,
31                     FilterChain chain) throws IOException, ServletException {
32                 //强转对象
33                 HttpServletRequest req = (HttpServletRequest)arg0;
34                 HttpServletResponse resp = (HttpServletResponse)arg1;
35                 //获取Action 去执行相应的功能
36                 ActionMapping actionMapping = getActionMapping(req);
37                 Action action = ActionManager.createAction(actionMapping.getClassName());
38                 //调用execute方法执行
39                 String resultname = null;
40                 try{
41                     resultname = action.execute(req, resp);
42                 }catch(Exception ex){
43                     ex.printStackTrace();
44                 }
45                 String result = actionMapping.getResultMap().get(resultname);
46                 
47                 //正常得到处理后的返回值  进行页面跳转
48                 if(null==result){
49                     return;
50                 }
51                 resp.sendRedirect(result);
52             }
53 
54             @Override
55             public void init(FilterConfig conf) throws ServletException {
56                 // TODO Auto-generated method stub
57                 this.config = conf;
58                 //获取配置文件
59                 String[] configFiles = null;
60                 String configStr = config.getInitParameter("config");
61                 if(null==configStr || configStr.isEmpty()){
62                     configFiles = new String[]{"mystruts.xml"};
63                 }else{
64                     configFiles = configStr.split(",");
65                 }
66                 this.mappingManager = new ActionMappingManager(configFiles);
67             }
68             
69             //得到请求地址  通过请求地址得到对应action   通过request得到请求信息    
70             public ActionMapping getActionMapping(HttpServletRequest request){
71                 //获取上URI
72                 String uri = request.getRequestURI();
73                 //获取请求的路径
74                 String contextPath = request.getContextPath();
75                 //截取获得action路径
76                 String actionPath = uri.substring(contextPath.length());
77                 //获取action名称
78                 String actionName = actionPath.substring(1,actionPath.lastIndexOf('.')).trim();
79                 
80                 //获取ActionMapping
81                 ActionMapping actionMapping = null;
82                 actionMapping = mappingManager.getActionMappingName(actionName);
83                 
84                 return actionMapping;
85             }
86             
87             
88         }

 

四、配置xml文件,保存sction信息
       

 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 2         <!DOCTYPE mystruts SYSTEM "mystruts.dtd">
 3         <mystruts>
 4             <actions>
 5                 <action name="reg" class="com.action.RegAction">
 6                     <result name="success">login.jsp</result>
 7                     <result name="input">index.jsp</result>
 8                 </action>
 9                 <action name="login" class="com.action.LoginAction">
10                     <result name="success">success.jsp</result>
11                     <result name="input">login.jsp</result>
12                 </action>
13             </actions>
14         </mystruts>

 

五、创建actionMapping对应xml中action的配置
   

 1     import java.util.*;
 2 
 3         public class ActionMapping {
 4             //对应Action名称
 5             private String name;
 6             //对应Action类
 7             private String className;
 8             //对应result结果   result-name result-value
 9             private Map<String,String> resultMap = new HashMap<String, String>();
10             
11             public String getName() {
12                 return name;
13             }
14             public void setName(String name) {
15                 this.name = name;
16             }
17             public String getClassName() {
18                 return className;
19             }
20             public void setClassName(String className) {
21                 this.className = className;
22             }
23             public Map<String, String> getResultMap() {
24                 return resultMap;
25             }
26             public void setResultMap(Map<String, String> resultMap) {
27                 this.resultMap = resultMap;
28             }
29             
30         }

 

        
⑥ 、创造ActionMappingManager负责读取配置音信
    

  1    import java.io.InputStream;
  2         import java.util.*;
  3 
  4         import org.dom4j.*;
  5         import org.dom4j.io.SAXReader;
  6 
  7         public class ActionMappingManager {
  8             //创建保存所有action的集合
  9             private static Map<String,ActionMapping> actionMappings =  new HashMap<String, ActionMapping>();
 10             
 11             /**
 12              * init方法加载Action配置文件
 13              */
 14             public void init(String configFileName){
 15                 try{
 16                     if(null==configFileName || configFileName.isEmpty()){
 17                         throw new Exception("configFileName为空!");
 18                     }
 19                     //加载配置文件到输入流
 20                     InputStream is = this.getClass().getResourceAsStream("/"+configFileName);
 21                     Document doc = new SAXReader().read(is);
 22                     Element root = doc.getRootElement();
 23                     //找到根节点下的actions节点
 24                     Iterator<Element> actionIt = root.elements("actions").iterator();
 25                     //获取到actions
 26                     Element actions = actionIt.next();
 27                     //获取action
 28                     Iterator<Element> iter = actions.elementIterator("action");
 29                     while(iter.hasNext()){
 30                         Element action =iter.next() ;
 31                         ActionMapping mapping = new ActionMapping();
 32                         //将xml配置文件中读取的action 名称和类存入到actionMapping中
 33                         mapping.setName(action.attributeValue("name"));
 34                         mapping.setClassName(action.attributeValue("class"));
 35                         //将result存入到ActionMapping中
 36                         Iterator<Element> results = action.elementIterator("result");
 37                         while(results.hasNext()){
 38                             Element resultElement = results.next();
 39                             String name = resultElement.attributeValue("name");
 40                             String result = resultElement.getText();
 41                             if(name==null||"".equals(name)){
 42                                 //设置默认结果  默认success
 43                                 name="success";
 44                             }
 45                             mapping.getResultMap().put(name, result);
 46                         }
 47                         actionMappings.put(mapping.getName(), mapping);
 48                     }
 49                 }catch(Exception ex){
 50                     ex.printStackTrace();
 51                 }
 52             }
 53             
 54             /**
 55              * 加载配置文件
 56              * @param configureFileNames
 57              */
 58             public ActionMappingManager(String[] configureFileNames){
 59                 for (String configureFileName : configureFileNames) {
 60                     init(configureFileName);
 61                 }
 62             }
 63             /**
 64              * 根据action名称 获取对应的actionMapping对象
 65              * @param actionName
 66              * @return
 67              */
 68             public ActionMapping getActionMappingName(String actionName){
 69                 if(actionName==null || actionName.isEmpty()){
 70                     return null;
 71                 }
 72                 ActionMapping mapping = this.actionMappings.get(actionName);
 73                 if(mapping==null){
 74                     System.out.println("Mapping为空");
 75                 }
 76                 return mapping;
 77             }
 78 
 79         }

 1  七、创建ActionManager通过反射创建对应的Action
 2           
 3           public class ActionManager {
 4               
 5               public static Action createAction(String className){
 6                   Class clazz = null;
 7                   try {
 8                       clazz = Class.forName(className);
 9                       return (Action)(clazz).newInstance();    
10                   } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
11                       // TODO Auto-generated catch block
12                      e.printStackTrace();
13                  } catch (InstantiationException e) {
14                       // TODO Auto-generated catch block
15                       e.printStackTrace();
16                   } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
17                       // TODO Auto-generated catch block
18                       e.printStackTrace();
19                  }
20                  return null;
21              }
22              
23          }

 

 

        
捌 、修改web.xml和ActionFilter落成自定义Controller
        

 1           <filter>
 2             <filter-name>openSessionInView</filter-name>
 3             <filter-class>com.web.OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-class>
 4           </filter>
 5           <filter-mapping>
 6             <filter-name>openSessionInView</filter-name>
 7             <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
 8           </filter-mapping>
 9           <!-- 配置ActionFilter过滤器  -->
10           <filter>
11             <filter-name>actionFilter</filter-name>
12             <filter-class>com.mystruts.ActionFilter</filter-class>
13             <init-param>
14                 <param-name>config</param-name>
15                 <param-value>mystruts.xml</param-value>
16             </init-param>
17           </filter>
18           <filter-mapping>
19             <filter-name>actionFilter</filter-name>
20             <url-pattern>*.action</url-pattern>
21           </filter-mapping>

 

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